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UX Design

How to choose the right body typeface for your web product

A typeface is a visual personality of human language. It gives moodemotion, and tone to the voice of a product.

Typefaces play a huge role in reflecting a brand’s personality into its product. As choosing the right typeface becomes more and more challenging each day with thousands of web and print fonts available, I tried to come up with a logical structure to ease the process and make it right.

It is recommended and most common to use not more than two different typefaces in a single product (unless you have specialized requirements for a specific set of data). These are generally categorized as display and body fonts.

Display and body fonts in web typography

Display fonts are only used in large headings whereas body fonts are more versatile and need to be used in the entire product. This image is a template from Xela UI kit file.

Display fonts are used in large headings/titles of a product to reflect a brand’s identity. These have to be carefully chosen to reflect the same qualities of the brand identity and aesthetics and do not have any major limitations of readability or legibility (as they are used in large font sizes).
However, body fonts are used in the entire product in various small sizes and various cases. These need to be extremely readable and legible. Since very few typefaces are considered to work well as body fonts, most products use the same typefaces such as RobotoOpen SansSource Sans ProLatoArialMontserratProxima Nova, and some more.

Some common characteristics that a good body typeface needs to have –
• It needs to be web font or a web-safe font
• It needs to have legible letterforms
• It has to be readable in the smallest font sizes of 10px, 11px and 12px.
• It has to be well paired with the display font
• It has to reflect the tone or mood of the brand
• It needs to be available in various weights and styles

Choosing the right body font that works well with the brand and has the above-mentioned characteristics is a difficult process.

Here are a few steps that you can use to find the right body typeface in your web product.

  1. Create a list of suitable typefaces according to your budget or you can create a list of free typefaces from Google Fonts. There is no limit to this list as long as you are sure that all typefaces here are web fonts.
For a ticket booking application, I used this combination of letters and numerals

2. Make a token of the commonly used characters in your product. For eg- A fintech product will have primary characters as numerals, a flight ticket booking service might have a mix of numerals and alphabets, or you may just have alphabets in your product.

After taking votes from your teammates, identify which fonts work the best in smaller sizes.

3. Test this set in the smallest of font sizes and compare the list together in dark and light themes with a standard typeface like Roboto or Open Sans. You can download this free Figma sheet to use in this step.

4. Eliminate typefaces that do not work in smaller sizes or just select around 10 typefaces that work the best.

5. Map all the filtered typefaces on an emotion/mood scale. Here is a free Figma sheet to begin this.
Here are two things that can help you make this scale —

  • You can learn more about the history of the typeface on the internet or know its classification to map its mood.
  • You can also create your own emotion scale and brainstorm with your teammates to put each typeface appropriately.

6. Select the typeface that best reflects your brand’s tone and eliminate others. Once this sheet is filled, you’ll be surprised you’ll only have a few choices left. Maybe two or three.

7. Compare letterforms of the chosen typefaces in a template. Here is another free Figma sheet that you can begin with.

Always ensure that you compare your chosen typeface with a standard web-safe one so that you are aware of its limitations and you can use it wisely. I found this amazing guide from Toptal that summarizes readability and letterforms in web typography.

I hope these steps help you get started with the right body typeface in your next project. It is still an exhaustive list of steps, if you start with just 3 options in your list then you can just test the characters for legibility and begin. All the steps can only be used if there are a lot of options for initial brainstorming.

author
palak
I am a user experience designer with Aubergine Solutions who believes in strategizing through research.